Different Fibers

Published 03/12 2009 04:54AM

Updated 04/09 2010 05:12PM

There are two different types of carpet fibers. 

Synthetic Fibers

 Nylon: considered the most versatile fiber.  Durable, excellent soil resistance, less costly than wool but one of the most expensive of synthetics.  Can be damaged by prolonged exposure to sunlight.

 Polyester: softer, slightly less durable, and less expensive than nylon.  The softer fiber accepts dyes well, making brilliant colors possible.  Stain resistance superior to other, more popular fibers.

 Polypropylene (Olefin): extremely durable, colorfast, absorbs no moisture, with superior stain resistance.  Ideal for loop-pile carpets, also made into ribbon-type yarn used in outdoor carpet.  Low cost, limited colors. 

 Acrylics: resemble wool more than other synthetic fibers and resist fading. 

 Dupont Sonora Fiber: has a uniform micro-structure and a high molecular weight that enhances processing. 

Natural Fibers

 Wool: comfortable, durable, and naturally beautiful, is generally considered the 'ultimate' fiber.  Soil-resistant, but set-in stains may be difficult to remove.  More expensive than synthetics. 

 Sisal: made from fiber derived from a cactus plant.  Stronger and  more durable than other natural fibers, earthy and rough-textured like jute.  Sisal carpets usually contain jute, hemp, sea grass, and coconut fibers.

 Sea Grass: adds a wonderful natural look and feel to any room.  Can be damaged by chemicals and is susceptible to mold and insects.

 Coir: extracted from the husks of coconuts, coir is one of the most environmentally friendly fibers.  Tough, hardwearing, and versatile, with natural aesthetic appeal.  Rich and bold textures.  Often blended with sisal. 

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